EMT

Note:  The information listed below is listed for informational purposes. The LBJ Fire Academy is not an EMT certifying organization.


Emergency Medical Technician - EMT

provides out of hospital emergency medical care and transportation for critical and emergent patients who access the emergency medical services (EMS) system. EMTs have the basic knowledge and skills necessary to stabilize and safely transport patients ranging from non-emergency and routine medical transports to life threatening emergencies. Emergency Medical Technicians function as part of a comprehensive EMS response system, under medical oversight. Emergency Medical Technicians perform interventions with the basic equipment typically found on an ambulance. Emergency Medical Technicians are a critical link between the scene of an emergency and the health care system. 
[From the: National EMS Scope of Practice Model]

Competencies
The EMT must demonstrate competency in handling emergencies utilizing all Basic Life Support equipment and skills in accordance with all behavioral objectives in the DOT/EMT Basic curriculum. The course shall include at least 140 clock hours of classroom, laboratory, clinical and field instruction which shall include supervised experiences with a licensed EMS provider and other settings as judged appropriate by the Program Director. In addition, the information contained in the FEMA document entitled “Recognizing and Identifying Hazardous Material” shall be part of the course curriculum.

Qualifications

To qualify for an EMT certification an individual must successfully complete a Texas Department of State Health Services approved course and achieve competency in each of the psychomotor skills. In addition the individual must achieve a passing score on the state written certification or licensure examination.


EMT personnel must be at least 18 years of age. Generally, the knowledge and skills required show the need for a high school education or equivalent. EMT personnel must have the ability to communicate verbally via telephone and radio equipment; ability to lift, carry and balance up to 125 pounds (250 pounds with assistance); ability to interpret written, oral and diagnostic form instructions; ability to use good judgment and remain calm in high-stress situations; ability to work effectively in an environment with loud noises and flashing lights; ability to function efficiently throughout an entire work shift; ability to calculate weight and volume ratios and read small print, both under life threatening time constraints; ability to read and understand English language manuals and road maps; ability to accurately discern street signs and address numbers; ability to interview patient, family members and bystanders; ability to document, in writing, all relevant information in prescribed format in light of legal ramifications of such; ability to converse in English with coworkers and hospital staff as to status of patient. EMT personnel should possess good manual dexterity, with ability to perform all tasks related to highest quality patient care. Ability to bend, stoop and crawl on uneven terrain and ability to withstand varied environmental conditions such as extreme heat, cold and moisture is vital. The ability to work in low light, confined spaces and other dangerous environments is required.


Click here to download the functional job description.

Good news for younger EMT students

When Texas switched to computer-based testing, some EMT students were left behind – the system wouldn’t let them test before their 18th birthday. Now, thanks to an arrangement between the state and National Registry (NR), that glitch is fixed.

Here’s how it works:

(1) Students must complete their state approved ECA or EMT course.

(2) Coordinators must send a roster of those students who are 17 but not yet age 18 who successfully completed the course to the State Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Director. 

(3) Students under 18 must apply to take the NR assessment exam, NOT the initial exam. They will not be permitted to take the assessment exam until the state director has received the Course Completion Roster and they have registered with NR to take the assessment exam.

(4) The students have to complete the state application for initial certification and pay the fees.

(5) When the students turn 18, they must send a copy of their driver’s license to the NR and to DSHS EMS Certification. This will allow us to verify their age, and, if all other requirements have been met, Texas will issue the EMT certification. If the students want to gain NR certification, they won’t have to take another test; NR will accept their passing of the assessment exam however NR will charge an administrative fee.

Education Requirements

To be eligible to take the National Registry EMT certification exam students must complete a recognized EMT education program and complete the clinical internship and psychomotor testing requirements.

Follow the links below to learn more about the clinical internship and psychomotor or skills testing.

Certification

Click here to learn how to apply for certification as an EMT in Texas.